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Oral microflora and pregnancy: a systematic review and meta‑analysis

Source: Scientific Reports (2021)


Pregnancy is a unique physiological state, accompanied by temporary changes in women’s physical structure, hormone levels, metabolism and immune systems. The changes during pregnancy are vital to maintaining the stable status of mother and fetus, however, some physiological, hormonal and dietary changes associated with pregnancy, in turn, alter the risk for oral diseases, such as periodontal disease and dental caries.


Oral microfora and pregnancy- a systematic review and meta‑analysis
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